Mill Computing, Inc. › Forums › The Mill › Markets › Is the Tachyum Prodigy perceived as a potential market threat? › Reply To: Is the Tachyum Prodigy perceived as a potential market threat?
Virtual Zero (for globals) and Implicit Zero (for stack) preclude rummaging in uninitialized rubble; you always get a zero. What you get from the heap is up to the heap allocator you use; that’s not under hardware control, although there are cache-control ops that make zeroing out an allocation particularly efficient, for those allocators that care.
You will also get a zero for intra-struct and after-array padding. The bounds check is at power-of-two granularity. If your array is not power-of-two sized then there will be padding at the end to bring the allocation up to power-of-two. You can read (and write) into that padding, but will always read a zero (or whatever you wrote).
This hardware check is not as comprehensive as a check against the declared bound whatever it is. If you want the more complete check then you can turn on an option and will get the same kind of inline software checks as any other ISA, at similar cost in code space and power. You are right that the Mill width may save on the latency cost compared to other architectures, but wide superscalars with OOO can probably do as well for something like bounds checking, albeit at OOO power cost.
Many apps find software checking too expensive for production code, and enable it only in debug builds. For them the hardware power-of-two check does provide complete wild-address and exploit security at no cost, even though it does not completely guarantee conformity with language semantics.